GEM reports and papers

 

Oxfam has published the following reports around the three key GEM areas:

 

Women’s Economic Leadership (WEL)

 

  • Beyond participation: making enterprise development really work for women
  • Building better lives for working-poor women
  • Gender Equality: It's your business
  • Good Jobs and Hidden Costs: Women workers documenting the price of precarious employment
  • Trading Away Our Rights: Women working in global supply chains
  • Women's Collective Action in Agricultural Markets: Synthesis of preliminary findings from Ethiopia, Mali, and Tanzania (2011)
  • Women’s Collective Action: Unlocking the potential of agricultural markets (2013)
  • Women's collective action in African agricultural markets: the limits of current development practice for rural women's empowerment (2013)

 

Power in Markets

  • Enterprise Development Programme Annual Review 2013
  • EDP learning workshop summary 2013
  • Making Markets Empower the Poor
  • Power, Rights, and Inclusive Markets: Public policies that support small-scale agriculture
  • Tipping the Balance: Policies to shape agricultural investments and markets in favour of small-scale farmers
  • Policy Options for Agricultural Investments and Governance of Markets: In support of small-scale agriculture in Nigeria: Part of the Tipping the Balance project, this country study examines the role of policy in influencing corporate investment in agriculture.
  • The Value Chain as a Tool to Fight Against Poverty: Analysis of two practices

 

Adaptation and Risk Reduction (ARR)

 

  • Background Research Paper on the Predicted Climate Change Impacts of Greatest Relevance to Oxfam
  • Climate Change Risks and Supply Chain Responsibility: How should companies respond when extreme weather affects small-scale producers in their supply chain?
  • Escaping the Hunger Cycle: Pathways to resilience in the Sahel
  • Extreme Weather, Extreme Prices: The costs of feeding a warming world
  • Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction: A training pack
  • Growing a Better Future: Food justice in a resource-constrained world
  • Rethinking Support for Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change
  • The Adaptation Challenge: Key issues for crop production and agricultural livelihoods under climate change in the Russian Federation

 

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Women’s Economic Leadership (WEL)

 

Beyond participation: making enterprise development really work for women

Sally King, Hugo Sintes and Maria Alemu

 

This article outlines the rationale behind Oxfam’s Enterprise Development Programme (EDP), which uses a business approach to create wealth and economic growth. EDP encourages investment in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) while promoting the role of women to increase their power in markets and wider society.

 

Building better lives for working-poor women

Global Labour Institute

 

Oxfam commissioned this research report in order to provide guidance to Oxfam and partners interested in developing programmes with urban women and women in vulnerable livelihoods. The report provides a conceptual framework and the results of scoping research on initiatives with urban working-poor women in eight countries.

 

Gender Equality: It's your business

Lauren McCarthy, Liz Kirk, Kate Grosser

 

Although many companies already do much to protect human rights in their operations and value chains, there is more that they can and must do. This Briefing for Business is intended for senior managers in global and national companies, and concentrates on gender equality and the responsibilities of business to uphold and promote it. 

 

Good Jobs and Hidden Costs: Women workers documenting the price of precarious employment

Thalia Kidder, Kate Raworth

 

This article describes the precarious terms and conditions of employment experienced by millions of women working in global supply chains in the food and garment industries, and an analytical framework for documenting the resulting hidden costs borne by women workers.

 

Trading Away Our Rights: Women working in global supply chains

Kate Raworth

 

The harsh reality faced by women workers in developing countries highlights one of the glaring failures of the current model of globalisation. Based on clear analysis of research results from various researchers within Oxfam International and partner organisations, this paper sets out the need for fair trade and inclusive worker rights for women across the global supply chain. 

Women's Collective Action in Agricultural Markets: Synthesis of preliminary findings from Ethiopia, Mali, and Tanzania

(Oxfam paper, OGB, 2011)

Sally Baden

Carine Pionetti

 

This paper presents an analytical framework and preliminary findings from the second phase of the Researching Women’s Collective Action project. It documents participatory field research in Ethiopia, Mali, and Tanzania, covering 15 agricultural sub-sectors.

 

Women’s Collective Action: Unlocking the potential of agricultural markets

(Oxfam Research Report, OI, 2013)

Sally Baden

 

Collective action is a critical but poorly-understood way for women small-scale farmers to strengthen their engagement in agricultural markets. This report provides rigorous new evidence – from research carried out in Ethiopia, Mali and Tanzania across three different agricultural sub-sectors – on the economic and empowerment benefits of women’s participation in collective action groups.

 

Women's collective action in African agricultural markets: the limits of current development practice for rural women's empowerment

(Article in Gender & Development, OGB, 2013) 

Sally Baden

This article draws on research in Ethiopia, Mali, and Tanzania, to assess recent experiences of development interventions supporting women's collective action in agricultural markets. It highlights gaps in our understanding of what works for women and asks how we can promote strategies that create broad-based empowerment as well as economic benefits.

 

Read more and download case studies, findings and recommendations from the Researching Women’s Collective Action project. 

 

Power in Markets

Enterprise Development Programme Annual Review 2013

This is the 2013 Annual Report of Oxfam's Enterprise Development Programme (EDP). This report marks the final year of the six-year pilot phase of EDP by featuring the independent evaluation that recounts the achievements and lessons of the programme so far. The report includes the profiles from all 16 enterprises that Oxfam is currently supporting in 14 countries, (plus new investments). It also features an evaluation of impact of one of the enterprises in Nepal, a story from Armenia, the view of one of our supporters, and an article on how Oxfam through EDP is delivering wider change by working with and influencing the broader environment around the supported enterprises.

The GEM/EDP Learning Workshop 2013 shares some of the lessons learnt in the first few years of the projects.

Tipping the Balance: Policies to shape agricultural investments and markets in favour of small-scale farmers

Bill Vorley, Lorenzo Cotula and Man-Kwun Chan

 

This is a collaborative report from the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), identifying the roles that public policy and market governance can play in “tipping the balance” in favour of benefitting smallholder producers, both women and men, and in respecting the environment.

Policy Options for Agricultural Investments and Governance of Markets: In support of small-scale agriculture in Nigeria

Aderibigbes Olomola

Part of the Tipping the Balance project, this country study examines the role of policy in influencing corporate investment in agricultural land, production and primary processing.

Making Markets Empower the Poor

Erinch Sahan and Julia Fischer-Mackey

 

This paper addresses the challenges and limitations of employing a market-based approach to poverty, particularly with regard to power imbalances between smallholders and larger businesses, and women and men. It shares some of Oxfam’s strategies for overcoming these challenges and recommends that market-based programmes be complemented by non-market interventions.

 

Power, Rights, and Inclusive Markets: Public policies that support small-scale agriculture

Erinch Sahan and Jodie Thorpe

 

This briefing note describes specific examples of how policy makers can govern markets and incentivise commercial investment in agriculture that includes small-scale producers. Policy recommendations focus on three key principles: giving small-scale producers, particularly women, power in markets and in politics; protecting basic rights; and supporting inclusive markets.

 

The Value Chain as a Tool to Fight Against Poverty: Analysis of two practices

Oxfam Italia, Fondazione Un Raggio di Luce and CeSPI

This study examines the ways and contexts in which the value chain approach is conducive to the economic and social inclusion of small scale producers. It is based on the analysis of two practices: a project implemented by Oxfam Italia in Ecuador and a programme by Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation in Burkina Faso. 

Adaptation and Risk Reduction (ARR)

 

Background Research Paper on the Predicted Climate Change Impacts of Greatest Relevance to Oxfam 

Jamie Lorimer

 

This paper summarises the predicted impacts of climate change that are of greatest relevance to development work. It focuses on the medium to long-term (25-50 years) dynamics in five key areas: water, food security, health, extreme events and political stability.

 

Climate Change Risks and Supply Chain Responsibility: How should companies respond when extreme weather affects small-scale producers in their supply chain? Jodie Thorpe and Shelly Fennell (Available in English and Spanish)

 

Through interviews with three companies: Starbucks, Marks & Spencer, and The Body Shop, this paper examines how smallholders involved in coffee production in Colombia, sesame in Nicaragua, and cotton in Pakistan have been affected by climate change and what it means for the companies. This research identifies key actions for companies to take in addressing challenges to smallholder producers.

 

Escaping the Hunger Cycle: Pathways to resilience in the Sahel

Peter Gubbels (Available in English and French)

 

Based on interviews with over 70 practitioners, this report from the Sahel Working Group discusses the chronic food and nutrition crisis across countries in the Sahel and makes strong recommendations on how to follow the 'pathways to resilience' through strengthening preparedness and early response, as well as emphasising policies on social protection, disaster risk reduction, malnutrition and food price volatility.

 

Extreme Weather, Extreme Prices: The costs of feeding a warming world

Tracy Carty (Available in English, French and Spanish)

 

This briefing draws on new research which models the impact of extreme weather – such as droughts, floods and heat waves – on the prices of key international staple crops in 2030. It suggests that existing research, which considers the gradual effects of climate change but does not take extreme weather into account, significantly underestimates the potential implications of climate change for food prices.

 

Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction: A training pack

Maria Caterina Ciampi et al

 

Despite the incredible resilience and capacity for survival often exhibited by women, they also experience a range of gender-specific vulnerabilities in the face of disaster. This training pack provides a ‘gender lens’ through which Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) programmes can be planned, implemented and evaluated.

 

Growing a Better Future: Food justice in a resource-constrained world

Robert Bailey

 

This report describes a broken and vulnerable global food system; both in terms of immediate crises such as food price spikes, disastrous weather events and financial meltdowns, and the slow threats of climate change, depleting natural resources, and chronic hunger. It shows how the food system is both a driver and casualty of this fragility, and why in the twenty-first century it leaves 925 million people hungry.

 

Rethinking Support for Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change

Simon Levine, Eva Ludi and Lindsey Jones

 

This paper from the Africa Climate Change Resilience Alliance (ACCRA) analyses three country studies conducted by national research teams in Ethiopia, Uganda, and Mozambique. It describes the Local Adaptive Capacity framework developed for this project and highlights evidence on the impact of development interventions on the adaptive capacity of people and communities.

 

The Adaptation Challenge: Key issues for crop production and agricultural livelihoods under climate change in the Russian Federation

Sergey Bobylev et al

 

This report examines climate impacts on crop production in the Russian Federation. Based on interviews with smallholder farmers in Russia, it identifies how they are adapting to new climatic conditions and considers what measures Russia might take to support their efforts, boost their resilience and contribute to national food security. 

 

More Oxfam reports on a wide range of subjects are available from Oxfam's Policy & Practice website.

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