This learning document (PDF) from SNV describes the outcomes of a gender analysis of women’s economic empowerment in Kenya. The analysis aims to establish: the socio-economic, cultural, religious and legal factors that underlie differential gender position on economic development; the consequences of the differential gender position on women’s access to economic opportunities, knowledge and markets; and the opportunities and constraints that affect women’s effective participation in businesses, producer organizations or cooperatives, markets, leadership. Some of the key findings of the analysis were: women have a larger workload than men; women do not usually control productive assets; women involved in group enterprises do control assets and income, however the control and access to resources is affected by culture, literacy and location. In addition, men tend to advise women on what economic activities to engage in and men made most of the decisions on use of assets and incomes in households. Recommendations from the programme were, among others: try to reduce women’s workload; develop mentors for women entrepreneurs; invest in group enterprises to bring credit within reach of women; improve access to markets for women; encourage male engagement in women empowerment; and utilize technology and innovative methods to improve women’s access to information on pricing and markets.