Rebecca Rewald's Oxfam report provides a literature review trying to answer this question.
I would like to ask to practioners what are the feedbacks from targeted women about what should be done to make energy access work?
These feedbacks would provide important inputs, guidance and insights to design development programs/projects that make energy access actions work and then fulfil their claimed goals. Otherwise we will fail to meet the Sustainable Development Goals for each women and girl.
Here is an interesting initiative from Energy 4 Impact that may be of interest to you, whereby they are working with women to supply energy to the "last mile": TACKLING THE ‘LAST MILE’ ENERGY ACCESS CHALLENGE THROUGH WOMEN’S EC...
Thanks for sharing it, I enjoy their work a lot. On the other hand, ,the question I propose here is broader than that. Some energy access programs claim that they trigger better health, education and income and it is not actually true in an "automatic way"-like black box.
The entry from Energy 4 Impact you fortunately shared tries to address energy access and income generation having women as protagonists. This is great, but not enough yet to tackle the claimed benefits energy access is meant to provide for women. Improve education for girls and boys needs educational program that talks and happens integrately with energy access projects (infrastructure, teachers, capacity building); improve health for women and girls needs health care program integrated with energy access projects and so on. Empowering women and girls need much more to be done and energy access is instrumental in this process.
So my question was what are those claims from women not addressed by energy access in order to design a developmental program encompassing them all in which energy access is one of the gears inside that black box. The Sustainable Development Goals are intertwinned and so the different dimensions of the problems and projects must be.
If this is not considered, we'll fail to meet the Sustainable Development Goals for each women and girl. They are systemic and dialectical.